remote learning

How Parents Can Prepare for Distance Learning

No one said it would be easy adapting to the new learning format of 2020.  Teachers will not be able to develop as deep a relationship with children through a computer screen, as they would in a classroom setting. Parents may have a new role to play, as translators to their child, and messengers to the teachers.  Parents can get more involved, without spending all day monitoring class work.  

How does your child learn?  Parents have this unique window into what kind of learner their child is, by working closely with them pre-pandemic.  This information can be used to determine “what kind of support their child needs to be successful.

To be more precise in this support, you might observe your child.   Are they someone who needs a lot of accountability?  Do they shut down with a test, but come alive when creating portfolios? Are they motivated by certain topics?  Once you discover what interests your child, and what frustrates them, you need to communicate to the teacher what expectations you have, and which goals should be set.  

Ask for more feedback from teachers. It’s a known fact that online learning, which began in the Spring, didn’t work successfully for many families.  Communication with the teacher was lacking, and many students did not receive one to one instruction with their teachers.  In addition, parents didn’t receive personal guidance about how to best support their child.      

Be kind and empathetic to your teachers, as you ask for more help.  Teachers are also feeling overwhelmed. Many may be teaching at home, while also juggling home teaching their own children. They are receiving new instruction and having workshops, as to how to work remotely, and/or in the classroom during this pandemic.   

A state certified, N.Y.C. teacher/ retired teacher, is another alternative to supplement this effort.  One-on-one tutoring is the most effective way for your child to catch up and excel.  Many parents might think that a high school or college student can take this role.  However, they would not be able to recognize the strengths and weaknesses of your child and the best way to proceed.


Effective Ways to Check Your Children’s Reading Comprehension

How can you tell if your learners understand what they have read? What can
adults do to help them? Pick up a child’s book to preview it. Check the front flap, pictures, chapter titles and back cover for a summary. Then, if it is a young child ask the reader to summarize the picture book. If it is an older child, ask him/her to summarize the chapter. Can the reader restate the most important parts? Can he/she summarize independently or must the child rely on adult prompting? Is the reader excited about telling you about the text? Does he/she laugh at the appropriate parts? Is the child able to make connections between his/her life, and the characters in the book? Can the child tell you what he/she likes or dislikes most about what the main characters did and explain why?

You can tell if the text is at the reader’s learning level if the child is not
struggling to read most of the words and he shows understanding. Teach your reader, by modeling, how to pause frequently to think about what they just read. Make sure that your child keeps track of who and what the characters are doing, how they are feeling, and why they are behaving a specific way. They should be aware of the setting; where and when the story takes place. If your learner does not remember or is confused, teach him/her to go back and reread the last parts that were read. If it is a non-fiction book, teach the child how to refer to the text features, such as the captions, word boxes, glossary, pictures /photos, and bold words to help them. Have your readers find new words that they learned and jot down the meanings. Have them try to use the new words in sentences. Talk with them about something they learned in the text that they didn’t know before and that they found fascinating.

Familiarize your child with the problem the characters are having, if any. Ask him/her what the solution or resolution was. On a post-it or sticky note, have children jot down questions they might have about something they read, something they thought was funny, scary, surprising, confusing, etc. A younger student can do the same thing by drawing a picture and labeling it; then trying to write a sentence about it.

Children of all ages can draw/write or tell an adult what they predict might
happen next in a fiction book. Have friendly conversations with your reader, as if it was a book club. Never frustrate your child by continuously throwing out question after question. We do not want to turn them off to reading. Instead remember that these discussions will help your child share their knowledge of the text and help them attain a love for reading.


How Does Balanced Literacy Benefit Your Child?

Balanced literacy is an approach to teach reading and writing to children, by combining whole language instruction with a phonics and decoding program.  Both types of instruction are essential in the classroom.

First, the teacher should model what he/she wants the children to learn. Next, the children attempt to practice the same skill by getting strong teacher support. Then the learners try to work independently as the teacher walks around to guide them.

The teacher should always be actively involved in making sure the children comprehend at all times. Teachers model by reading aloud to the whole group, while the children listen. They are paying close attention to how the teacher reads with expression, appropriate speed and by enunciating the words clearly. The teacher stops at different parts of the read aloud to check for understanding. Children are encouraged to look closely at the pictures on the page and describe the characters or setting. They may be asked to make predictions, give their feedback of the character’s actions, make connections to their own lives, discuss how the text made them feel and think critically. New vocabulary words are usually introduced and explained to the students. At the end of the text, teachers will ask the group to retell the story either orally, by acting out the events, or by drawing pictures and numbering them in the correct sequence of events. They can also draw and/or write what facts they learned,  what they liked or disliked about the text, and what lesson the author wanted them to learn.

Another part of the whole language approach is shared reading with the whole class.  The text that the teacher uses is on grade level but all the children are getting the necessary teacher support. Guided reading is different from shared reading because the teacher is working only with a small group of children that may be struggling on a specific skill and need extra attention from the teacher. These learners would be grouped together but they would each be using a different text that is on their own reading level, in order for them to practice the same skill being taught in the class. As the children read, the teacher listens, offers guidance, and confers one on one with each child in the small group to offer feedback and assistance.

Finally, learners also need time to read independently, so they can apply the skills learned in class during teacher modeling, as well as during small group instruction. These skills include comprehension, as well as sounding out unfamiliar words phonetically, and by using the context clues to figure out new words or substitute another word that would also make sense in the context.

After reading independently there is sharing time. This is when children react to what they read by giving feedback, and the teachers and students respond to them by giving them positive feedback.

A balanced literacy approach in the classroom is essential because it motivates children to have a desire to read on their own.  It helps to develop background knowledge, helps them focus and improve their reading comprehension skills.  In addition, it promotes oral language and listening skills through class discussions. Children are taught to turn to their partners, give them eye contact, and talk to each other about the text. The goal is to eventually foster children’s critical thinking skills, which includes the ability to infer and draw conclusions. This is why interactive read alouds and the whole language approach can be so valuable in the classroom.  It fosters deep thinking and learning to pay attention to specific skills. Teaching by using a phonics program in the classroom is also useful, because it enables each child to practice reading by sounding out new words and decoding them, improving their spelling and writing skills, and most important, to improve their communication skills with each other.

common core

What You Need to Know About the New Common Core Standards

Educational reform is taking over the school system.  The new Common Core State Standards represent a change in how children are expected to learn reading, literacy skills, and math.  As early as kindergarten, children are now being taught to ask and answer questions about important details in a book, with teacher support.   Following kindergarten, children are expected to do it themselves.  Greater emphasis is now given to listening and reading informational books, as well as comparing and contrasting books on the same topic.  A teacher’s job will be to help them learn through these more challenging texts, by introducing the headings, subheadings, and the use of the glossary to figure out the meanings of unfamiliar words that are present.  Children will be engaged in partner or whole group conversations about books that are either read aloud to them or that they read themselves.   In addition, they will learn how to build arguments by using the text evidence.

The new Standards encourage children to understand and infer information not only from printed materials, but also from multi-media.  These goals are to help children succeed in the future and in the complex world in which they live.  Students will be expected to understand content-related vocabulary in both science and social studies.  Vocabulary gains will be made when children are exposed to learning new words through both explicit (given child-friendly word definitions and also acting them out), and implicit (learning word meanings by listening to a story or text) instruction.

In a well constructed curriculum, learning in the upper grades builds on prior knowledge in the lower grades.  Students exposed early on to  reading, science, history, and math have been found to develop a greater interest in them, which “leads to greater learning”.  Children need adults to help them understand the content.  A strong emphasis on reading and math in the early years of a child’s learning is vital.  Reading is the ability to identify the words on a page, which is called decoding, and the ability to understand the meaning of the words.  Fluent decoding requires children to be able to become familiar with letter-sound relationships and spelling patterns.  Comprehension depends on reading aloud to them and helping to grow their knowledge and vocabulary.  Engaging young children in enjoyable, exciting and fun math games by using concrete manipulatives to learn number comparisons, counting, as well as adding and subtracting could help prevent future math difficulties and reduce math anxiety when they are problem solving.

Great effective teachers always present information in meaningful ways that will appeal to students’ experience and imagination.  Early learning will develop students’ interest and intellectual curiosity, determining whether they will become lifelong learners.